SOLAS is the main international treaty concerning the safety of merchant shipping. It specifies minimum standards for the construction, equipment and operation of ships, compatible with their safety.
MARPOL is the main treaty covering prevention of pollution of the marine environment by ships from operational or accidental causes.
Annex I of the MARPOL Convention contains the most important regulations for preventing pollution by oil from ships. Specific regulations apply to the off-loading of water washings and other wastes.
SIRE introduced by the Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF) provides detailed inspection information on tankers, barges and small vessels for charterers, ship operators, terminal operators and government bodies concerned with ship safety.
Trafigura’s approach reflects the latest industry guidance as described in ‘Ship-to-Ship Transfer Guide for Petroleum, Chemicals and Liquefied Gases’. This joint publication between OCIMF, the Chemical Distribution Institute (CDI), the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) and the Society of International Gas Tanker and Terminal Operators (SIGTTO) specifies best practice procedures for hydrocarbon transfers.